Portrait of Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich (1878-1918) in childhood

The artist is Serov

Mikhail Alexandrovich (1878-1918), Grand Duke, fourth son of Alexander III and Empress Maria Fedorovna, brother of Nicholas II. Major General. Member of the State Council (1901-1917). During the First World War, he commanded the Caucasian native horse division, better known as the “Wild Division”, consisting of Muslim volunteers, natives of the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia. On March 3 (16), 1917, during the February Revolution, Emperor Nicholas II renounced the throne, including the heir, Tsarevich Alexei, in favor of Mikhail Alexandrovich, but he announced that he would only accept the supreme power if he was expressed for that the will of the whole people (through the constituent assembly). After the revolutionary events of February-March 1917, Mikhail was exiled to Gatchina. In March 1918, he was sent by the Bolsheviks to the Perm province. On the night of June 12 to 13, 1918, he was stolen and killed by a group of employees of the local Cheka and police.

Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich is depicted at the age of 15. The sketch is made by the artist for the picture "Alexander III with the family" (1894, until 1941 – Kharkov Museum of Fine Arts), ordered by the Kharkov noble assembly on the occasion of the salvation of the imperial family during the crash of the train at Borki (1888). In the reign of Alexander III, Russia did not wage a single war. For maintaining the European world, Alexander III was called the Peacemaker. As the p. YU. Witte, “Emperor Alexander III, having received Russia, with a confusing of the most unfavorable political conjunctures, deeply raised the international prestige of Russia without shedding a drop of Russian blood”. A similar assessment was given by the results of the foreign policy of Alexander III other contemporaries. The merits of Alexander III in foreign policy were marked by France, which named the main bridge over the Senu River in Paris in honor of Alexander III (Alexander III bridge, connecting the Grand Palace and the Army Museum). For all his external severity against his loved ones, Emperor Alexander III invariably remained a devoted family man and a loving father. It is claimed that he never once in his life touched the children with a finger and did not offend them with a sharp word. As a child, Mikhail Alexandrovich was loved in the family, and he treated his father with great warmth and his father. Together with their father, they went fishing, attended the menagerie, went hunting. Mikhail Alexandrovich was also fond of music, history, driving on cars. He was a physically strong, kind and brave warrior. Mikhail Alexandrovich was the last emperor on the Russian throne, if we consider the time of his “reign” incomplete day from March 2 to 3, 1917.

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