Minin on the Square of Nizhny Novgorod, calling the people to donations

The artist is Makovsky

In the early 1870s, in connection with the repeated appeal of Nizhny Novgorod, to build a worthy monument to his countryman in Kuzma Minin’s homeland, the President of the Academy of Arts, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, invited the artists to reflect this topic in all types of fine art, including painting. By that time,. Makovsky, who has established himself as a master of multi -figure composition in the picture "Balaganes on Admiralty Square" (1869, timing), decided to create a large historical canvas. He worked with archival documents in Nizhny Novgorod as a passionate scientist-research. This could not but affect the documentary conviction of the future picture. Artistic intuition also helped Makovsky to choose the view of the Ivanovo Congress for the center of the picture, which almost in finished form allowed him to build a spatial composition of the future canvas. This is one of the most memorable in the strength of the emotional impact of the places of the city. Climbing the Ivanovo Congress, gradually increases on a scale and, finally, appears in all its greatness the retail area where a significant event took place in September 1611. Historians then did not have a consensus about where Minin’s performance before the people took place, but Makovsky proved that this was happening here. The Nizhny Novgorod people carried donations to create a militia, who played an important role in the liberation of Moscow in 1612 from foreign invasion. The militia was headed by Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and Posadsky Man of Nizhny Novgorod Kuzma Minin. From the complex course of events related to the Nizhny Novgorod militia to. Makovsky chose for the plot of his picture one of the most exciting moments – the beginning, the institute, the first explosion of folk patriotism. Patriot’s fiery speech has found a response in the hearts of citizens of all ages, classes and conditions. Makovsky in his picture managed to convey that spirit of unity, universal enthusiasm, heroic upsurge, which determined a significant turn in the fate of the whole people. The increased version of the same name (1896) – in the Novgorod State Art Museum.

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