Portrait of Nicholas II (1868-1918)

The artist is Repin

Nicholas II (May 6/18, 1868, Tsarskoye Selo − July 17, 1918, Yekaterinburg) − The last Russian emperor, the son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Fedorovna. Entered the throne in 1894. His reign took place against the backdrop of serious shocks: wars with Japan (1904−1905), First World War (1914−1918, revolutions 1905−1917 and 1917. March 2/15, 1917 renounced the throne. In the summer of the same year he was sent to Tobolsk, then transported to Yekaterinburg and on the night of July 16 to 17, 1918 he was shot with his family in the house of engineer N. N. Ipatieva, August 20, 2000 The Russian Orthodox Church ranked the royal family to the face of saints. Reigned from October 20 / November 1, 1894 to March 2/15, 1917.

The 400th anniversary of the Romanov house. SPb, 2013. With. 112.

Nicholas II (1868–1918) – the last Russian emperor, son of Alexander III and Maria Fedorovna. He joined the throne in 1894 and in the first public speech in response to rumors about the expected liberalization said: “Let everyone know that I, devoting all my strength to the blessings of the people, will protect the beginning of the autocracy as firmly and steadily as my Unimaginated late parent “. The reign of Nicholas II was marked by the rapid economic development of the country, the heyday of cultural life, the beginning of the implementation of the Stolypin agrarian reform and the institution of the State Duma. However, the defeat in the Russian-Japanese war and the aggravation of social contradictions led to the first Russian revolution of 1905, and the participation of the Entente in the world imperialist war ended on February 1917 and the renunciation of the tsar from the throne. After the October Revolution, he was shot with his family in Yekaterinburg. The prophecy of an outstanding Russian historian in. O. Klyuchevsky and foresight f. Engels, who claimed that the heir to the throne of Tsarevich Alexei was not destined to reign. The Russian Orthodox Church Nicholas II, his wife and five children are considered to be the martyrs, are canonized and are currently revered as “royal mentors”.

The most solemn image of Emperor Nicholas II of all, written by Repin, was created in 1896 in the interiors of the large throne room of the Winter Palace.

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