The artist is Dobuzhinsky
Dobuzhinsky Mstislav Valerianovich (1875, Novgorod –1957, New York) – graphics, painter, theater artist, teacher.
Born in Novgorod. He studied: in the drawing school of the Society for the Promotion of Arts (1885–1887), at the Law Faculty of St. Petersburg University (1895–1899), in the workshop of L. E. Dmitrieva-Caucasian (1896–1899), at school Sh. Hollows (Munich, 1899–1901). Returning to Petersburg in 1901, he became close to the association “World of Art”. Participant of exhibitions (since 1902): “World of Art” (1902–1906, 1911–1924), Union of Russian Artists (1904–1910), “Fire-Tsvet” (1924). Member of the Union of Arts Workers (since 1918). Teach: at school E. N. Zvantseva (1906–1910), in the new workshop (1911–1917), at the Vitebsk School (1918–1919), at the Higher Institute of photographs and photographic equipment (1919, professor), in the highest state artistic and technical workshops and the Shtiglitsa school (1918– 1923).
Worked for theaters of St. Petersburg and Moscow (since 1907). I designed several performances in the old theater and theater in. F. Komissarzhevskaya (1907–1908). Great success of the scenery for the play and. With. Turgenev “Month in the village” (Moscow Art Theater, 1909) laid the foundation for the artist’s close cooperation with the theater. The peak of this cooperation was the scenery for the play “Nikolai Stavrogin” (1913) according to Roman F. M. Dostoevsky “Demons”.
In the 1920s, he achieved the greatest successes in the book schedule-drawings for “pig” x. To. Andersen (1917), “Poor Lisa” n. M. Karamzin, “stupid artist” n. With. Leskova (1922) and to the “White Nights” f. M. Dostoevsky (1925) – masterpiece of Russian book graphics.
In 1925 he accepted Lithuanian citizenship and moved to Kaunas. Performed illustrations for the “three fat people” yu. To. Olesha (1928), to Eugene Onegin a. With. Pushkin (1936). Designed performances at the Kaunas Theater (1925–1935). In 1934 he performed sketches of scenery and costumes for the production of opera A. P. Borodin “Prince Igor”.
In 1926–1929 he lived in Paris, in 1938–1939 in London. In 1939 he went to the United States to work with the actor and director M. AND. Chekhov over the play “Demons”, did not return to Lithuania. In 1947 he performed graphic design for the prosaic translation “Words about Igor’s Regiment” (New York, 1950). Collaborated with Metro-Opera (New York). He left the book of memoirs (New York, 1976, Moscow, 1987).