Havana / Habana Havana is the capital of Cuba, the largest and perhaps the most beautiful city in the Caribbean. Its calm beaches on the north coast of Hibacoa, El Peñón del Freilé and Puerto Escondido, Arroyo Bermejo in the northeast and El Salado in the northwest have become the basis of tourist development. Holidays in Havana are wonderful areas where breathtaking landscapes open up for lovers of eco-tourism. These are many attractions – monuments, museums, churches and cathedrals, and, of course, these are the two main symbols of Havana – the weather vane of Hiradilla and the lighthouse of the fortress of El Morro. Havana is located closer to the northwestern part of Cuba. In the new part of Havana – on the promenade in Vedado, along the promenade Malecon and La Rampa street – numerous villas, hotels for every taste and with excellent service have been built. Along the bay in the Kubanakan region stretches a whole series of well-equipped beaches and yacht clubs, as well as a large amusement park, and across the river Almendares – an area of chic mansions and luxury hotels Miramar. Near Havana, on the coast, many modern tourist complexes have been built, where not only all the conditions for a relaxing beach holiday are provided, but you can also get acquainted with the everyday life of the Cubans in more detail.
Havana is a pink and white city bordered by the blue arc of the Gulf of Mexico. In 1982, at the suggestion of UNESCO, the capital of Cuba was declared a “Humanity’s achievement”.
Interesting moments in the history of Havana
The history of Havana dates back more than 4 centuries. The beginning of tourism in this part of Cuban territory dates back to the middle of the 19th century, when regular sea links were established between the United States and Cuba, and the construction of hotels around the Havana Bay began. Now Havana is visited annually by more than half of all foreign tourists coming to the country.
Its main charm is the city itself with the diversity of its architecture, wide avenues and famous boulevards, and in particular its historical center.
Havana Attractions – Worth a Visit
Havana is a very picturesque city where ancient architecture coexists with modern buildings. Its historical core is Old Havana. The narrow strait into the harbor is guarded on both sides by the ancient fortresses of Castillo del Morro (1589-1630), Castillo de la Punta and the lighthouse, and the west coast – the forts of La Cabanha and La Real Fuerza – the oldest a fortification in America, where the Museum of Ancient Weapons is now located.
From the Havana embankment Malecon, which stretches almost under the walls of the forts, begins the central street of Havana – Paseo del Prado or just Prado. Malecon has long been a favorite place for walks of citizens and the arena for traditional February carnivals. The boulevard is considered one of the main architectural monuments of old Havana. On the Prado is the building of the National Capitol, built in the image of Washington. Now it houses the Academy of Sciences of Cuba, the National Library of Science and Technology and the Museum of Local Lore. Nearby are the former presidential palace (now the Museum of the Revolution), the governor’s palace (now the Museum of the City of Havana) and the Granma memorial in honor of the legendary yacht on which Cuban revolutionaries led by Castro landed on the island in 1956. A small apartment lies to the west El Templet Chapel (1828), beautiful architectural complexes of squares with magnificent historic buildings. Among them – the Palace of Fine Arts – one of the best art museums in the Western Hemisphere.
Holidays in Havana – what to do
Havana’s beaches are 25 km from the city. Like a pearl necklace, they are scattered along the eastern part of the capital, they are called the “Blue Ring”. It is here that the Havanese prefer to relax. The nearest beach is a 20-minute drive from Bakuranao, an hour’s drive from Tropicoco, Megano, Santa Maria del Mar, Boca Ciega, Guanabo and the most remote quiet beach – Jibacoa.