The history of the emergence and formation of Cuba. Development and historical events in Cuba.
The history of Cuba is shrouded in myths and heroic legends. The past of this state is still alive and reminds itself of the socialist realities of the present, a huge number of souvenirs depicting Ernesto Che Guevara, monuments in honor of the defenders of the revolution and the special atmosphere prevailing in the cities and resorts of Liberty Island.
The roots of the struggle for independence go back centuries, when Columbus, who landed in the eastern part of the archipelago in the 15th century, discovered new lands, and Pope Alexander VI transferred them to Spain. The local population, the Indians, automatically became the property of the colonialists, because, due to cultural differences between peoples, the Spaniards did not even perceive them as people. And this despite the fact that the then Cubans were one of the most developed tribes of the Antilles, with highly developed art and their own rhythm of life. It did not work to break the spirit of the Indians: they could not become slaves and either died on reservations or went to the mountains. As a result, by the middle of the 16th century, almost nothing remained of the indigenous population.
History of cuba
Pirates loved by all children were an integral part of the Caribbean at that time. The legendary Henry Morgan, Drake and many other robbers robbed Spanish ships and even tried to capture some coastal Cuban cities.
For a fairly long time, Cuba existed as one of the many Spanish colonies. The most important port was Havana. However, the flames of suppressed Native American uprisings soon flared up again, but already among the greatly modified native inhabitants. At the end of the 19th century, a struggle broke out against Spanish oppression. Since the Cubans were too weak to openly confront such a strong enemy, another state was involved as an ally – the United States. The exemption fee was too high. The Americans actually subjugated local territories, seizing power. But here, the staunch Cuban people did not give up. A new period of struggle has begun. It was at this time, in the 50-60s of the 20th century, that the names of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara sounded for the first time. Revolutionary leaders led the country to victory. As often happens, after the end of hostilities comes peace time, a time of compromise and politicians, not desperate rebels. Comrade Che, who at that time had become a popular favorite, understood this and, abandoning all his posts, disappointed in ideals, went to fight in the jungle, where he died tragically.